This map has different information and reference points written throughout. It also has additional information written in the bottom left and right corners.
The title reads: PLAN OF THE OPERATIONS OF GENERAL WASHINGTON, against THE KINGS TROOPS IN NEW JERSEY. from the 26th. of December 1776 to the 3d. January 1777.
In the bottom left corner, the text reads:
LOSS IN THE ENGAGEMENT.
on the Road from Prince Town to Maidenhead,
January the 3d. 1777.
1 Capt., 12 Rank & File Killed.__ 1 Capt., 1 Lieutt., 1 Ensign, 4 Serjants, 46 Rank & File Wounded. __ 1 Serjeant, 1 Drummer, 33 Rank & File Missing.
1 Lieutt. Wounded. __ 1 Ensign, 3 Serjeants, 1 Drummer, 88 Rank & File Missing.
1 Serjeant, 4 Rank & File Killed.__ 1 Ensign, 1 Serjeant, 2 Rank & File Wounded.
1 Capt. 1 Lieutt. 1 Ensign, 1 Serjeant, 2 Drummers, 66 Rank & File Missing.
Total__ 1 Captt. 1 Serjeant, 16 Rank & File Killed.__ 1 Capt. 2 Lieuts. 2 Ensigns, 5 Serjeants, 48 Rank & File Wounded.__ 1 Capt. 1 Lieutt. 2 Ensigns, 5 Serjeants, 4 Drummers, 187 Rank & File Missing.
In the bottom right corner, the text reads:
Loss at TRENTON
December 26th. 1776.
Regt. of Anspach or Lossberg.
1 Lt. Colonel, 1 Major, 1 Captain, 3 Lieutenants, 4 Ensigns, 38 Serjeants, 6 Drummers, 9 Musicians, 9 Officers Servants, 206 Rank & File.
Regt. of Rall.
1 Colonel, 1 Lt. Colonel, 1 Major, 1 Captain, 2 Lieutts., 5 Ensigns, 2 Surgeons Mates, 25 Serjeants, 8 Drummers, 4 Musicians, 9 Officers Servants, 244 Rank & File.
Regt. of Knyphausen
1 Major, 2 Captains, 2 Lieutenants, 3 Ensigns, 25 Serjeants, 6 Drummers, 6 Officers Servants, 258 Rank & File.
Regt. of Artillery
1 Lieutenant, 4 Serjeants, 1 Officer's Servant, 38 Rank & File.
Total__ 1 Colonel, 2 Lt. Colonels, 3 Majors, 4 Captains, 8 Lieutts., 12 Ensigns, 2 Surgeons, 92 Serjeants, 20 Drummers, 13 Musicians, 25 Officers Servants, 740 Rank & File.__ 918 Prisoners.
6 double fortified brass 3 pounders, with Carriages Compleat.
3 Ammunition Waggons.
betwixt 20 & 30 killed.
Use these questions to help aid inquiry and understanding:
- Where does the majority of fighting seem to take place? Why do you think that is?
- The map labels the river as "Delaware River full of Ice." Why do you think the mapmaker included that specific detail in its label?
- This map was created in April 1776, a full four months after the battles occurred. What are the advantages of this? Are there any disadvantages?
- Why might the mapmaker include the British losses on this map? Why wouldn't they include American losses?
- Who do you think read and used this map? Why was this map made?
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This is a map depicting the operations of General Washington against the King's troops in New Jersey. These operations occurred from December 26th, 1776, to January 3rd, 1777, and are collectively known as the Battles of Trenton and Princeton. This map was created by William Faden in London, 1777.
Image courtesy of the Library of Congress, Maps Division, http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gmd/g3811s.ar126900